some neutraceuticals and energy drinks, and is heavily used by body builders as a supplement because it is known to be a cell-volumizer. Taurine is named after Taurus, which means bull/ox in Latin, since it was first isolated from ox bile in 1827 . There have been many studies demonstrating the positive effects of this compound.
It has been shown to have the ability to reverse poor liver function, scarring and prevent alcohol related damage of the liver  . Taurine seems to improve heart function and symptoms in patients with heart disease . Studies on rats present therapeutic use for type 2 diabetes reducing blood glucose levels and reducing insulin resistance after 12 week supplementation regime . Some studies also suggest that the combination of caffeine and taurine improves mental performance which is one of the reasons it’s regularly found in energy drinks . It’s believed that it has the ability to cross the blood-brain-barrier and increase GABA concentrations rendering it a psychoactive chemical  . Studies suggests that taurine reduces the production of advanced glycation end products (AGE), which possibly means that it can slowdown the ageing process .
•Helps repair liver damage and prevents alcohol related damage
•Improves heart function and is used to treat congestive heart failure
•Combined with caffeine to improve mental function and fitness in energy drinks
•A bodybuilding supplement due to being a cell-volumizer and an insulin mimicker
•May improve quality and ease of sleep.
•May slow the ageing process
Taking up to 3,000mg a day as a supplement is considered safe ; however it should be considered that taurine is also found naturally in food, especially in seafood and meat. So depending on your diet you could already be consuming 40 to 400 mg a day already. However it is also unknown the clear effects of long-term use, for instance if taurine has GABAergic activity it may be addictive and an investigation in rats exhibits signs of anxiety through agitation which may mean that taurine could be a anxiogenic . As always, take care when trying supplement.
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